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Murder of 3 Baloch leaders

اپریل 29, 2009

by Shaheryar Ali

After abduction, murder and mutilation of the bodies of 3 Baloch leaders, who were part of “friends of Baloch nation” committee working with United Nations for release of thousands of “disappeared Baloch men and women, the violent clashes still continue in Balochistan.

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A complete general strike was observed for 3rd day in Balochistan. 9 people have been killed so far. 6 bodies were recovered from suberbs of Quetta who were killed during torture. According to the BBC situation remains very tense in Quetta where one police man was killed last night. There were also reports of 7 rockets being fired in Qalat which targeted FC camp and houses of certain people suspected of being informers of Pakistani agencies. One man was reportedly injured. It must be kept in mind that Frontier Constabulary or the FC has long been implicated by the Baloch leaders for wide spread human rights violations, extra-judicial murders , torture and disappearances. FC has also been accused of committing heinous crimes against Baloch women. In Quetta FC was responsible for a particularly brutal baton charge and tear gassing of the women protestors who were protesting against the murder of 3 Baloch leaders

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One woman commented to the BBC that “look at Pakistanis double standards, whole country was protesting on flogging of an anonymous girl from Swat but here we have been beaten half to death by the FC but no one takes notice. Even United Nations and International community remain silent on the atrocities being committed against the Baloch nation by Pakistani state”.

According to the BBC urdu service the spokesperson of Pro-liberation Baloch Republican Party today accepted responsibility for attacking FC and for killing two Pro-Pakistan individuals. [We condemn acts of violence by Baloch resistance but we have been writing on the post-nationalist and racist turn of the Baloch movement due to policy of discrediting Baloch nationalists by Pakistani establishment]

The Reign of Terror


What is happening in Balochistan is unbelievable. People have been “burned alive” in molten coal tar by Pakistan army. Thousands of Baloch students, intellectuals and political activists have been “disappeared”. Pakistani secret agencies are largely considered responsible for these disappearances. Term of “sexual slavery” was heard after a long time in case of abduction of Zarrina Marri and other women in custody of Pakistani state according to independent and well reputed human rights organizations like Asian Human Rights Commission etc. We have writing on Baloch issue for a long time our writing on these events can be seen here, here, here and here

What Happened?

Wu ayeto ki goad mein bikhri hue Akbar ki laash [Zaidi, Mustafa Mersia e imam]

According to the Human Rights Commission of Pakistanthe Baloch leaders were forcibly picked up, blindfolded and taken in cars, closely followed by vehicles belonging to the Frontier Corps.” The medical investigations by the doctors at civil hospital Turbat, Balochistan, suggests that all the three were shot dead at close range with Kalashnikov AK47s and their bodies were badly mutilated. The medical report suggests that they were killed one week before the bodies were recovered

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“Witness Killing” Asian Human Rights Commission’s Version:

Three Baloch nationalist leaders were killed after their abduction by plain clothes persons in mysterious vehicles that bore no registration plates. They were taken from the chambers of a prominent lawyer and their deaths have raised several questions on the role of state spy agencies, particularly about military intelligence (MI). All three murdered persons, Ghulam Mohammad Baloch, Sher Mohammad Baloch and Lala Muneer Jan Baloch, were earlier kidnapped by the military intelligence agencies during 2006 and 2007 and each of them were disappeared for several months. After their release it was found that they were kept in the different military torture cells and severely tortured. They all were interrogated by the military officers about the Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) and funding for nationalist movements in the province against military operations.

The killings are tantamount as ‘witness killings’ as they all were previously disappeared by the army and kept in different military torture cells before being released. Therefore they might have proved dangerous in the probe about disappearances after arrests of political and nationalist activists.

The Leaders were abducted by Agencies in past as well: AHRC statement continues

The Asian Human Rights Commission issued an urgent appeal on the abduction and disappearance of two of the leaders, Mr. Ghulam Mohammad Baloch and Sher Mohammad Baloch. They were abducted when they were holding a meeting for the preparations for a protest demonstration against the murder of Sardar Akbar Khan Bugti, the former chief minister of Balochistan by army personnel at his hide out. The details of their abduction in 2006 can be found on this link http://www.ahrchk.net/ua/mainfile.php/2006/2119/

The third one, Mr. Lala Muneer Jan Baloch, was also abducted in the month of February 2007 from Balochistan province by plain clothed persons and was kept in different military torture cells for almost eight months. These men were all released after the restoration of Mr. Iftekhar Choudhry, the Chief Justice of Pakistan by the Supreme Court on July 20, 2007, as their cases of disappearance were before the High Court of Sindh.

The military authorities could not find any evidence of their involvement in the so called secessionist movement in Balochistan province. They all were dumped at different places along the road sides bearing severe torture marks on their bodies. They were told before their release by their military captors that if they revealed anything about their captivity in the military torture cells then they will be killed or persons from their families will face the same fate.

Mr. Salim Baloch, vice president of Jamhoori Watan Party of Balochistan, was abducted by plain clothed persons on March 10, 2006, from Karachi, Sindh province, and was kept in military torture cells in the different cities of Pakistan particularly, in the Punjab province, and severely tortured. He was released in the month of December 2006 with the warning that he should not tell about his detention in the military cells. But he was again abducted within 36 hours after he gave his statement about his ordeal of 9 months of torture and illegal detention. In his statement made before the Sindh High Court, Mr. Salim Baloch believed that he would be rearrested by the secret military agencies as he was threatened by the military officers that it would happen if he told about his arrest and torture. Mr. Baloch requested the High Court to provide protection but it paid no attention to his plea. Please see link for the urgent appeal which documents his ordeals, http://www.ahrchk.net/ua/mainfile.php/2007/2151/

An other case is that of Syed Abid Raza Zaidi, who was abducted by plain clothed persons from Karachi on April 26 and kept in military torture cells to get information on the Nishter Park incident of April 11. He was released in September but again abducted by plain clothed persons for not following the warning of the military authorities. After giving his statement before a panel discussion of Amnesty International and the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan at Islamabad he was again abducted from another city of Lahore, Punjab province. Please see the details of the case through this link,
http://www.ahrchk.net/ua/mainfile.php/2006/2012/

Eliminating Witnesses? The brutal murder of the Baloch leaders is ample proof of the involvement of state agencies in their abduction from the office of the lawyer. In that they all were abducted in the same fashion as others abducted by plain clothed persons in broad daylight in vehicles without registration numbers. According to the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan “the Baloch leaders were forcibly picked up, blindfolded and taken in cars, closely followed by vehicles belonging to the Frontier Corps.” The medical investigations by the doctors at Civil hospital Turbat, Balochistan, suggests that all the three were shot dead at close range with Kalashnikov AK47s and their bodies were badly mutilated. The medical report suggests that they were killed one week before the bodies were recovered.

The three murdered people were members of the government’s committee which was looking into the cases of disappeared persons since 2001 in the province. Mr. Ghulam Mohammad had already given a statement that he saw some persons in the Rawalpindi, Punjab, military centre who had been missing for several years. Their own experiences of disappearances and detention at military torture cells was a problem for the state intelligence agencies. Mr. Ghulam Mohammad was also involved in a dialogue with the persons who abducted Mr. John Solecki, the head of UNHCR mission at Quetta, the capital of Balochistan. He was one of the Baloch nationalist by whose efforts Mr. Solecki was released.

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Killing of witnesses threatens the possibility of any justice regarding the large numbers of persons who have disappeared in Pakistan. These recent killings seem to indicate the mobilisation of secret units in order to eliminate those who have knowledge about the maintenance of secret prisons and torture chambers in the country. Particularly those who have taken a keen interest in pursuing justice relating to these matters have been made targets of these killings. It is likely that these killings will be followed by similar actions to others. The knowledge about these murders will also discourage victims and witnesses who want to narrate the human rights abuses they have suffered and to seek justice. The deadening silence imposed in such circumstances will obstruct all attempts to return to a normal situation of rule of law. Now with the intervention of the Supreme Court under the Chief Justice, Iftekhar Choudhry who has been reinstated by popular intervention. On the other hand the terror tactics adopted in this way will act to the advantage of the extremist elements who resort to terrorism

Source: A Statement by the Asian Human Rights Commission

PAKISTAN: Fingers point at state intelligence agencies in the killings of three Baloch nationalist leaders

Serious Questions:

These are unbelievable things reminiscent of the dark ages of times of Nazi Germany and Stalin’s Russia. Overtly fascist posture has been adopted by Pakistani state. Serious questions arise both for Pakistani people and the International community. Pakistani people must realize that they live in a country whose state is anti-people, they have to seriously re-think their “patriotism”. International community must act to stop this. The people of western democracies must take their governments to courts and stop them from giving a single penny in hands of Pakistani oligarchy. By law states which use “torture” as a policy cannot get public funds. By doing so they will be helping people of Pakistan who are victims of a neo-fascist state apparatus.

People of Pakistan must act on their own to attain democracy and defeat this oligarchy which is committing such heinous crimes.

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Who killed the Baloch leaders?

اپریل 28, 2009

By Qurat ul ain Siddiqui

(April 10, Karachi, Sri Lanka Guardian) Riots have broken out in Karachi as well as Quetta, Khuzdar and other areas of Balochistan after the bodies of three Baloch political activists were located by the police near Turbat late on Wednesday.
Baloch National Movement (BNM) President Ghulam Mohammad Baloch, Lala Munir, also of the BNM, and Sher Mohammad Baloch of the Baloch Republican Party (BRP) were found dead in a mountainous area 40 kilometres away from Turbat.
The three were picked up by unidentified armed men from the chamber of Advocate Kachkol Ali in Turbat on April 3, 2009. ‘I was right there when three cars full of men dressed in civilian clothes showed up outside my chamber.’
‘On that day, the Anti-Terrorist Court (ATC) Turbat had dismissed all cases against Ghulam Baloch, Lala Munir and Sher Mohammad Baloch and there were no more cases against the three.’ The activists had been accused of sparking political unrest in Quetta and Karachi in relation to the Baloch nationalist movement and the increasing number of missing persons cases. In the past few months, Baloch politicians and nationalists have alleged that members of nationalist groups have been abducted by government agencies.
‘The unidentified men stormed into my office and began tying the three up,’ says Advocate Ali. ‘A scuffle followed and one of the lawyers there started resisting. They tied him up but he was released once the men ascertained his identity,’ he says. ‘I believe they were killed soon after they were picked up.’
‘All three of them were shot in the head and the conditions of their bodies indicate they were killed soon after they went missing,’ adds BNM’s acting president Asa Zafar. According to a report, the dead bodies were at least six days old.
It is notable that Ghulam Mohammad Baloch was also a member of the 10-member committee constituted by Hyrbyar Marri to ascertain the identities of Balochistan’s missing persons as well as to negotiate the release of UNHCR’s Quetta director John Solecki. Ghulam Baloch was abducted from the advocate’s chamber on April 3 and Solecki was released the very next morning.
‘After the government of Pakistan denied knowledge of the 1,109 missing as demanded by the Balochistan Liberation United Front (BLUF), this committee was constituted to ascertain the numbers and the identities of the missing,’ a cousin of Ghulam Baloch says.
‘Only two days before Ghulam was taken away from Advocate Ali’s chamber, a United Nations committee had met Khairbux Marri. On that same day, Ghulam Baloch spoke to the press and said the committee was making headway in its attempts to secure Solecki’s release.’
Asked as to what prompted Solecki’s abductors, whose demand was justice for Balochistan’s missing, to release the UN official when a committee member aiming to secure that very release had also gone missing, Asa Zafar said: ‘We are a political party. We do not know any of Solecki’s abductors and what happened with Ghulam Baloch is nothing but a conspiracy against our party and against the people of Balochistan.’
‘When Solecki was abducted, a crackdown had started against Baloch nationalist groups. Ghulam had told me on several occasions that he was being threatened with death,’ Ameen Baloch, BNM’s representative in Karachi, adds.
‘It is possible that Ghulam Baloch was deeply involved in some of the investigations regarding the missing and had uncovered something crucial.… Maybe that is why he and his colleagues were killed,’ Ghulam’s cousin suggests.
But BRP’s Riaz Badeni says that ‘Solecki’s is a separate subject altogether.’ His opinion is echoed by BRP Karachi chapter’s leader Shahnawaz Baloch, who argues that there is no connection between the abduction and the subsequent killing of the three activists and Solecki’s release. ‘It is only elements from within the government who have orchestrated the attacks,’ he says.
For his part, Advocate Ali argues that a new tactic is transpiring, which involves the abduction and extra-judicial killing of people. ‘The abduction of Ghulam, Lala Munir and Sher Mohammad was a downright insult of the ATC’s decision,’ he adds.
According to the advocate, after the April 3 incident, he tried to register an FIR against the chiefs of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), Military Intelligence (MI), Intelligence Bureau (IB) and the Frontier Corps (FC), but no case was registered. ‘I was shooed away by the police,’ he says.
Meanwhile, Provincial Minister for Irrigation Aslam Bizenjo expresses outrage at the death of the Baloch activists. ‘[The perpetrators] want to disrupt peace in Balochistan,’ he says. Bizenjo alleges that this is the work of government agencies and claims that he, along with several other members of the provincial assembly, will be registering an official protest.
While protests and rioting continues, a three-member tribunal, comprising Balochistan High Court judges, has been constituted by Balochistan’s Chief Minister Nawab Aslam Raisani to investigate the activists’ death.
The Balochistan High Court has also taken a suo motu notice in this regard. It has summoned the provincial home secretary, police chiefs of the Turbat and Panjgur districts and the concerned area’s Station House Officer (SHO) on April 16 while taking notice of the incident.
Earlier, Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) President Ali Ahmed Kurd announced a boycott of courts in Balochistan for three days as well as a boycott across Pakistan on April 13 to condemn the killings. He had demanded that the killers be arrested and produced before the courts.

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Who killed Ghulam Mohammad Baloch Lala Munir and Sher Mohd Baloch?

اپریل 28, 2009

I was Watching Brahmdagh Bugti Interview with Talat in Aaj TV,  where Talat was saying that he was killed by some people who disputed with him over the ransome money for John Solecki’s release. No one has been arrested yet? Kachkol’s statement is full of doubts and misleading.Here are some excerpt taken from Dawn.com.

Ghulam Mohammad Baloch, who was a member of the committee constituted by Hyrbyar Marri to ascertain the identities of Balochistan’s missing persons as well as to negotiate the release of UNHCR’s Quetta director John Solecki. Ghulam Baloch was abducted from the advocate’s chamber on April 3 and Solecki was released the very next morning.

‘Only two days before Ghulam was taken away from Advocate Ali’s chamber, a United Nations committee had met Khair Bux Marri. On that same day, Ghulam Baloch spoke to the press and said the committee was making headway in its attempts to secure Solecki’s release.’
‘It is possible that Ghulam Baloch was deeply involved in some of the investigations regarding the missing and had uncovered something crucial.… Maybe that is why he and his colleagues were killed,’ Ghulam’s cousin suggests.
Please comment..! Who were the killers? Why they killed him and what was the purpose of their killing??
Majeed Baluch
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مھلوک ءِ شھید غلام محمد ءِ بارو ءَ ھیال

اپریل 28, 2009

پہ واجہ غلام محمد شھید ءَ وتی ھیالاں  درشان بہ کن اِت

پہ بلوچی ھیال درانگازی ءَ  بام بلوچی ویب پیڈ ءَ کمک بہ زور اِت

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Public Opinion about GM Baloch

اپریل 28, 2009
Add Your Comments on Ghulam Mohammad Baloch.
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غلام محمد بلوچ ، ایک تعارف

اپریل 28, 2009

غلا م محمد بلوچ 1969ءکو مند ( سورو) میں پید اہوئے ۔ابتدائی تعلیم مند ہائی اسکو ل سے حاصل کی ، اس کے بعد مزید تعلیم کے لیے کراچی منتقل ہوگئے ۔کراچی جناح کالج سے انٹر کرنے کے بعد جامعہ بلوچستان سے گریجویشن اور بلوچی میں ماسٹرکی ڈگریاں حاصل کیں ۔ شہید ایک اچھے شاعربھی تھے ۔ 1988میں بی ایس او کے مرکزی جنرل سیکریٹری اور 1990سے 1994تک دوباربی ایس او کے مرکزی چیئر مین رہے ۔ طلباءسیاست کے بعد وہ  بی این ایم میں شامل ہوگئے ۔ بی این ایم کے مرکزی نائب صدر کے عہدے پر فائز رہے ۔2005ءمیں جب بی این ایم کی قیادت نے بی این ڈی پی سے انضام کا فیصلہ کیا توغلام محمد شہید نے اس فیصلے سے اختلاف کرتے ہوئے بی این ایم کو برقرار رکھنے کا فیصلہ کیا ۔  2مئی کو بی این ایم کے سیشن میں آپ بی این ایم کے صدر منتخب کیے گئے۔ آپ بلوچ نیشنل فرنٹ کے پہلے آرگنائزر اور (شہادت سے پہلے ) جنرل سیکریٹری کے طور پر کام کررہے تھے ۔3دسمبر 2006کو ٓپ کو شیر محمد بلوچ کے ہمراہ علی محمد محلہ (اولڈ کلرّی آل پاکستان زکری انجمن) میں ایک عوامی اجتماع کے دوران کراچی سے اغواءکیا گیا۔دونوں رہنماﺅں کو 20ستمبر 2007کو سبی میں منظر عام پر لائے گئے اور پولیس نے آپ کے خلاف خضدار،تربت اور مند میں بم دھماکوں اور سر کاری اہلکاروں پر حملوں کے 4جھوٹے مقدمات قائم کیے جن میں سے دو میں آپ باعزت طور پر بری ہوئے تھے ۔3اپریل 2009کوباقی دومقدمات کے سلسلے میں عدالت میں پیشی کے بعد آپ کو آپ کے دواور ساتھی بی این ایم کے سینٹرل کمیٹی کے رکن لالہ منیر اور بی آرپی کے مرکزی ڈپٹی جنرل سیکریٹری شیر محمد بلوچ کے ساتھ کچکول علی ایڈوکیٹ کے دفتر سے پاکستانی ایجنسیوں کے اہلکاروں نے اغواءکے بعد تربت سے کوئی 12کلومیٹر دور مرغاپ کے مقام پر لے جاکر شہید کردیا۔آپ (شہیدغلام محمد ) نے دوشادیاں کی تھیں اور چھ بچوں کے باپ تھے ۔

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Introduction

اپریل 27, 2009

Short Introduction

Ghulam Mohammed Baloch was a Baloch nationalist politician. At the time of his death, he was serving as the president of the Baloch National Movement, as well as the General Secretary of the newly formed Baloch National Front. He had earlier served as a chairman of the Baloch Students Organization. His dead body was discovered on the 9th of April 2009, five days after being detained by Pakistani intelligence agencies. (See Turbat killings). The killing lead to riots around Balochistan[1]. He had been detained several times in the past by Pakistani intelligence activities due to his political activities [2] [3]. He had also played an important role in securing the release of abducted American UNHCR official John Solecki just days before his death [4].

Ghulam Mohammed Baloch and his Background

Ghulam Mohammed Baloch is the president of Baloch National Movement (BNM). I don’t want to go in deep about where Chairman Ghulam Mohammed Baloch was born, grew up and how he got educated. The reason is because we know how our lives in Balochistan are going on. It is really terrible, injustice, and many ignorance since the creation of Pakistan in 1948. More or less I should mention that Ghulam Mohammed Baloch was the most active member of Baloch Student Organization in 80’s and because of his hard work he became the Chairman of Baloch Student Organization in the same decade. His efforts never stopped toward serving Baloch nation the way or the other. He is one of the best orators; his speeches are well accepted by the nation, because he always makes things balance. He says and does accordingly. Words and actions should be balanced, (Nelson Mandela 2000). He is a good writer too, he writes in the way that makes readers to read his writings and articles several times. He writes poems too in Balochi language.

Ghulam Mohammed and its Leadership

Are leaders born or made? There has been a big debate upon the raised query. People have argued time after time to know whether leaders are born or made. Let us ask ourselves by saying; have we ever met a leader who wasn’t born? Bruce J. Avolio (1999) argued that, if you believe that leadership is something you are born with, then your expectation about yourself and others is that leadership is relatively fixed at birth in the form of "natural leaders”. However, leaders are not born but made. Who and how they are made? It has been acknowledged that people create different situations and under such situations leaders come out.These are called situational leadership. If Gandi was not insulted in the train in South Africa he would not become a leader at first place. So do many others who come under the same category, like, Churchill, Napoleon, and Hitler. Because, their personality, ability, or knowledge were suited with the situation.Ghulam Mohammed Baloch is one of those leaders who creates situation for good and if any bad situation occurs he reacts upon that. He never sits idle. He has created many good situations in Baloch’s society, like giving understanding to his nation the value of motherland. He usually tells the youngsters how to serve the nation and how to give her freedom. He always advises the nation to get together. If situation that was seen where the nation was not in safe. He practically gets involved in the situation. He is not only a theoretical leader but practical as well. All his politics was based on fact and in scientific way. In the 21st century, leaders must create an atmosphere in which people believe in strategy (Financial Times Prentice Hall 2000). Today, leadership is increasingly associated not with command and control but with the concept of inspiration, of getting along with other people and creating a vision with which others can identify.This indicates that Ghulam Mohammed always getting to people and to other Baloch leaders to discusses upon the issues and problems of Balochistan. He listens to everyone he never afraid of discussing about Balochistan’s issue to the world. He told everyone for what happening in Balochistan and how people are treated by Pakistani forces. He never hides the truth and reality of Pakistan and its negative attitude toward Baloch nation. People always ask whether leadership is an art or a science. It can be both. Ghulam Mohammed has the both qualities. Ghulam Mohammed Baloch is one of those leaders who is thirsty, hungry and dying for the freedom of Balochistan. He is thirsty and hungry the way Nelson Mandela was for the freedom of South Africa.

Parliamentary Politics and Ghulam Mohammed

The parliamentary politics was begun after assassinating, Fida Ahmed Baloch in 2nd May 1988, the founder of Baloch National Youth Movement (BNYM). After that the same political organization was formed from BNYM to BNM led by Dr. Abdul Hayee Baloch. Ghulam Mohammed Baloch was the vice president of BNM. However, he did not believe in such politics. Therefore, he became inactive and did not play any vital roles. He did not believe in empty promises which were only the reason he did not play any roles. On the other hand the members of CC of BNM were keeping promising to nation and the result was always unsatisfactory. Gulam Mohammed Baloch did not like all these and tried advising his comrades that this is not the right path and politics that we are doing. We should stop continuing parliamentary politics as we are not achieving any thing. His comrades did not listen to him. The way the parliamentary politics is going in Balochistan it reminds me that; ‘If you wish to be a success in the world, promise everything, deliver nothing’, a phrase after Napoleon Bonaparte who ended up in an exile and eventual death on a lonely island in the mid-Atlantic.

Eventually, Napoleon got it wrong. If you want to be success in the world you must deliver that you promise. This is what exactly Ghulam Mohammed Baloch was carrying on, promising and delivering. Some Baloch of Parliamentary politicians still believe that they can get independence through Parliamentary politics. They always give examples of India, South Africa, Indonesia, Libya and other countries. I think they are completely wrong, because the dilemma of Balochistan is different from those countries. We should know where we are and where we want to go and how.

Baloch Youth Movement and Ghulam Mohammed

Ghulam Mohammed Baloch was not limited. His support and struggle was always seen practically to promote Baloch Youth Movement who is engaged serving the nation in different ways. He believes that Youths can always make better roles, so he made himself closer to them. Baloch Youth Movement was
always targeted by the state. Thousands of Baloch Youths were arrested by the government without any reasons. Many of them are still missing. Under such circumstances he always stood hand by hand with them. He never relaxed when he saw innocent Baloch Youths were arrested without any charges. His reaction was always there for the support by agitating and appointing legal representatives (lawyers) for their release.

Baloch Student Organization and Ghulam Mohammed

On 26th November 1967 Baloch Student Organization was formed in Karachi. Different personalities played different roles on those days. Ghulam Mohammed Baloch was an active member and then became the Chairman of BSO in 80’s. He knows very well the role of BSO and how students were suffering in different ways by enemies. He played a vital role when some students were arrested by Pakistani ISI in Karachi.
They were Dr. Alla Nizar, Dr. Imdad and some others. Ghulam Mohammed Baloch stood like a great shadow struggling for their release. At the end he succeeded.

Mir Ghous Bakhsh Bizanjo vs. Ghulam Mohammed Baloch

Mir Ghous Bakhsh Bizanjo one of those leaders who played unforgettable role in his life for the sake of Baloch nation, but he could not been successful due to playing right politics in the improper place and with improper people. Parliamentary politics was not successful in his time too, so does now. We still can hear his forceful speech when he gave it on 14th December 1947 rejecting the proposal of being a part of Pakistan in the assembly, he told the house; ‘ ….. We have a distinct civilization. We have a separate culture like that of Iran and Afghanistan. We are Muslims but it is not necessary that by virtue of our being Muslims we should lose our freedom and merge with others. If the mere fact that we are Muslims requires us to join Pakistan then Afghanistan and Iran, both Muslims countries, should also amalgamate with

Pakistan. The British conquered Asia through the force of the sword. They also subjugated the Baloch homeland. We never accepted their authority. We resisted their rule but being oppressive and cruel they deprived us of our freedom. We were a separate entity. We were never part of India before the British over lordship….Pakistan’s unpleasant and loathsome desire that our national homeland Balochistan should merge with it, is impossible to concede. It is unimaginable to agree to such demand. It is no secret that before creation of Pakistan, our Khan had patronized the Muslim League. Our homes, Bungalows and transport were at their disposal. Under the Khan’s guidance many Baloch helped the League through every possible means. What was our attitude towards Pakistan and what is its behavior towards us …? We are ready to have friendship with that country on the basis of sovereign quality but no means ready to merge with Pakistan. We cannot humiliate the Baloch nation and amalgamate it with others. How can we sign the national death warrant of fifteen million, Asian Baloch? That is inconceivable. That is impossible. We cannot be a party to such a grave mistake. We cannot commit such a great crime. We are told that we Baloch cannot defend ourselves in the atomic age. Well, are Afghanistan, Iran and even Pakistan capable of defending themselves? Today, if Russia and America so desire, they can wipe out many such states from the world map. If we cannot defend ourselves, a lot of others cannot do so either. As regards the
question of statehood, let me emphasize that no Asian country including
Pakistan fulfils the criteria of a modern state in true sense. They say we must join Pakistan for economic reasons. That is also absurd. We may not have a hard currency but we have numerous means of income. We have minerals, we have petroleum, and we have ports. We should not be made slaves on the pretext of economic viability. We can survive without Pakistan. We can remain without Pakistan. We can prosper outside Pakistan. But the question is what Pakistan would be without us? I do not propose to create hurdles for the newly created Pakistan in matters of defense and external communication. But we want an honorable relationship, not a humiliating one. If Pakistan wants to treat us as sovereign people we are ready to extend the hand of friendship and cooperation. If Pakistan does not agree to do so, flying in the face of democratic principle, such an attitude will be totally unacceptable to us, and if we are forced to accept this fate then every Baloch son will sacrifice his life in defense of his national freedom.

Ghulam Mohammed Baloch faced the same situation when the merger of BNM and BNDP took places. He knew that such merger will make Pakistan stronger. As a result Ghulam Mohammed did not let BNM to die.
He made a big U turn. He started going on non parliamentary politics the way Fida Ahmed wished for. What Mir Ghous Bakhsh Bizanjo wanted to come true for what he said in 1947, Ghulam Mohammed made it true by giving sacrifices with those Youths Baloch and many elders as well.

Ghulam Mohammed Baloch and the World Media

Give me the liberty to know, to utter, and to argue freely according to conscious, above all liberties (Jean Folkerts and Dwight L 1998). The power of truth cannot be weaken, despite having no media where Baloch nation could raise its voice. In this regard Ghulam Mohammed Baloch did not hide himself to highlight the issues of Baloch nation. He tried his every effort to approach to the world media. In many extents he has been successful to tell the world by radio, Indian TV channel, websites and daily newspapers. In the current global village in which we all live in, the national movement cannot be run without the support of World Media. On the other hand, we see the all the world has become electronic. Therefore, electronic media is playing a good role for the sake of Baloch nation. Ghulam Mohammed Baloch has shown his effort bravely to the world.

Ghulam Mohammed Baloch and Free Balochistan

"We call the people of South Africa black and white – let us speak together Freedom! – let the voices of all the people be heard and let the demands of all the people for the things that will make us free be recorded.
Let the demands be gathered together in a great charter of Freedom” (Nelson Mandela 2000). Free Balochistan is the demand of Baloch nation; this is what Ghulam Mohammed wants and working for.
Baloch nation is not asking something which is not belong to them. They claim that Balochistan is for Baloch nation. This is the fact which cannot be denied. If you don’t work for freedom it will never come to knock your door. Waiting for freedom is meaningless. "I waited and waited, until the country should develop the non-violent strength necessary to throw off the foreign yoke. But my attitude has now undergone a change. I feel that I cannot afford to wait. If I continue to wait, I might have to wait till doomsday. For the preparation that I have prayed for and worked for May never come, and in the meantime I may be enveloped and overwhelmed by the flames that threaten all of us. That is why I have decided that even at certain risks
which are obviously involved I must ask the people to resist the slavery”. I want freedom immediately, this very night, before dawn, if it could be had. Freedom cannot wait for the realization of communal harmony …congress must win freedom or be wiped out in the effort (Yougesh Chanda 1997). Such facts on the earth cannot be removed and vanished. Free Balochistan is another fact people must recognize it.

Free Balochistan, New Balochistan

Free Balochistan is the dream of every Baloch’s son and Ghulam Mohammed is one of them. He is dying for it from the day one. Many Baloch have questions in their minds that how the new Balochistan looks like.How Ghulam Mohammed wants to see his new birth country? The vision of any leaders will always be different. Ghulam Mohammed Baloch wants a new Balochistan which should be a full of justice, co operations, love among people, honesty, hard working, and respect each other. Martin Luther King had the same dream that how America should be. Martin Luther has given a remarkable speech in 1963 under title "I have a dream”. He said; I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today. I have a dream that one day the state of Alabama, whose governor’s lips are presently dripping with the words of interposition and nullification, will be transformed into a situation where little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers. I have a dream today. I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together. This is our hope. This is the faith with which I return to the South. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this hope we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for Freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day. This will be the day when all of God’s children will be able to sing with new meaning "My country "this of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing.
Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrim’s pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring. And if
America is to be a great nation this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire! Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York! Let freedom ring from the
heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania! Let freedom ring from the snowcapped Rockies of Colorado! Let freedom ring from every hill and mole hill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.

Ghulam Mohammed Baloch wants all his Baloch children walks hand by hand ignoring the colour of skins. He has worked for doing so by uniting the entire nation in Karachi and other parts of Balochistan. He wishes that all Baloch children to sing "Ma Choken Balochani, Ma Choken Balochani”.

Voice of Ghulam Mohammed Baloch

Today the voice of Ghulam Mohammed Baloch is heard by everyone. This is the voice of justice, truth, equality and fairness, voice of death of baloch children in Kohalu, Bugti and Kahan, voice of baloch youth movement who are in Pakistani jails, voice of Baloch mothers who lost their valuable sons for the sake of Balochistan, and this is the voice of all Baloch nation and Balochistan, no matter where they live and how they see Balochistan.

Ghulam Mohammed Baloch in the eyes of people

I have interviewed around 70 people to know their opinions about Ghulam Mohammed Baloch with different questions. Their responds were as shown bellow charts.

Figure: 1.1 (Ghulam Mohammed Baloch as a Leader)

The above (figure 1.1) shows that Ghulam Mohammed Baloch as a leader he is 100% Brave, and Honest.95% he is Knowledgeable and 98% he is straight forward.

Figure 1.2 (BNM’s Relation with other Baloch Parties)

The (figure 1.2) shows that BNM’s relation as Baloch political party was very good especially with  BSO and BRP. BNM’s believes that these are the true Baloch parties working for the sake of Baloch nation. However, NP and BNP-Awami are completely not working for the sake of Baloch nation but they are always double faces.

Arrest of Ghulam Mohammed Baloch

Lastly, but not the end that Ghulam Mohammed Baloch was arrested by Pakistani Forces in Karachi with Sher Mohammed Baloch who were planning a meeting in kalari, where the Khan of Kalat Mir Suleman Daud, former provincial minister, Sardar Sanaulla Zehri and many others ought to attend.

Will this be the end of Ghulam Mohammed Baloch and BNM? Will the nation keep silent? Will the Media stop supporting Baloch nation? I strongly believe this will not be the end but will be a new page for the struggle. The message of Ghulam Mohammed Baloch was already reached to the baloch nation and the
world.

Assassination of Ghulam Mohammed and its Leadership

Top Baloch leader along with two colleagues found dead in Turbate, Balochistan A leading Baloch leader who was also active getting UNHCR Quetta head John Solecki released from BLUF was picked up from his lawyer’s office few days back and last night was found dead in Turbat, Balochistan. Pakistani TV channels are reporting that province-wise angry and violent protests have started against killing three Baloch leaders. At some places office of ruling PPP have been burnt today.

Ghulam Mohammad Baloch, who was Secretary General of Baloch Nationalist Movement, which works for independence of Balochistan, last appeared on a TV channels on April first when he gave briefing to media after meeting of UN delegation with senior Baloch leader Khair Bux Marri. Several tv channels had reported his briefing live, in which he had repeated appeal to BLUF to release John Solecki on humanitarian grounds.
On April 4rth he was picked by reportedly agencies from his lawyer Kachkol Baloch’s office, who is noted politician, lawyer and former opposition leader of Balochistan assembly.
Balochistan’s Chief Minister has expressed his deep sorrow on killing of Baloch leaders.
After Nawab Akbar Bugti and Balach Marri’s murder, this killing is believed to spark new wave of protest in the
province of Balochistan and possibly could trigger protest in Baloch localities of Karachi.

Conclusion

Ghulam Mohammed Baloch was one of the best leaders in the world. He believes in humanism and justice.He is very straight forward. He is honest. What he could do for the nation he showed it practically and in public and now it is the duty of baloch nation where ever they are they should support him the way or the other and to continue his mission.